We have developed this cookie policy (the “Cookie Policy”) in order to explain how we use cookies and similar technologies (together, “Cookies”) on this website (the “Website”) and to demonstrate our firm commitment to the privacy of your personal information.

The first time that you visit our Website, we notify you about our use of Cookies through a notification banner.  By continuing to use the Website, you consent to our use of Cookies as described in this Cookie Policy.  However, you can choose whether or not to continue accepting Cookies at any later time.  Information on how to manage Cookies is set out later in this Cookie Policy.

Please note that our use of any personal information we collect about you is subject to our Privacy Policy.

What are Cookies?

Cookies are small text files containing user IDs that are automatically placed on your computer or other device by when you visit a website.  The Cookies are stored by the internet browser.  The browser sends the Cookies back to the website on each subsequent visit, allowing the website to recognise your computer or device.  This recognition enables the website provider to observe your activity on the website, deliver a personalised, responsive service and improve the website.

Cookies can be ‘Session Cookies’ or ‘Persistent Cookies’.  Session Cookies allow a website to link a series of your actions during one browser session, for example, to remember the items you have added to a shopping basket.  Session Cookies expire after a browser session and are therefore not stored on your computer or device afterwards.  Persistent Cookies are stored on your computer or device between browser sessions and can be used when you make subsequent visits to the website, for example to remember your website preferences, such as language or font size.

First and third-party Cookies

The Cookies placed on your computer or device include ‘First Party’ Cookies, meaning Cookies that are placed there by us, or by third party service providers acting on our behalf. Where such Cookies are being managed by third parties, we only allow the third parties to use the Cookies for our purposes, as described in this Cookie Policy, and not for their own purposes.

The Cookies placed on your computer or device may also include ‘Third Party’ Cookies, meaning Cookies that are placed there by third parties. These Cookies may include third party advertisers who display adverts on our Website and/or social network providers who provide ‘like’ or ‘share’ capabilities (see the above section on Targeting or Advertising Cookies). They may also include third parties who provide video content which is embedded on our Website (such as YouTube). Please see the website terms and policies of these third parties for further information on their use of Cookies.

To learn about the specific First Party and Third Party Cookies used by our Website, please see the breakdown below.

Cookies we use and their purpose

We use various types of Cookies - ‘Strictly necessary’ Cookies, ‘Performance’ Cookies, ‘Functionality’ Cookies and ‘Targeting’ cookies. Each type of cookie and the purposes for which we use them are described in this section.

Cookie list

A cookie is a small piece of data (text file) that a website – when visited by a user – asks your browser to store on your device in order to remember information about you, such as your language preference or login information. Those cookies are set by us and called first-party cookies. We also use third-party cookies – which are cookies from a domain different than the domain of the website you are visiting – for our advertising and marketing efforts. More specifically, we use cookies and other tracking technologies for the following purposes:

Strictly necessary cookies

These cookies are necessary for the website to function and cannot be switched off in our systems. They are usually only set in response to actions made by you which amount to a request for services, such as setting your privacy preferences, logging in or filling in forms. You can set your browser to block or alert you about these cookies, but some parts of the site will not then work. These cookies do not store any personally identifiable information.

Cookie subgroupCookiesCookies usedLifespan JSESSIONID
First party Session
300 days
1 year
Cloudflare __cf_bm Third party 30 mins iam Third party Session

Performance Cookies

These cookies allow us to count visits and traffic sources so we can measure and improve the performance of our site. They help us to know which pages are the most and least popular and see how visitors move around the site. All information these cookies collect is aggregated and therefore anonymous. If you do not allow these cookies we will not know when you have visited our site, and we will not be able to monitor its performance.

Cookie subgroupCookiesCookies usedLifespan SERVER First party Session
Google _ga
Third party 2 years
455 days
24 hours
1 minute
180 days
30 days visitor_id<accountid>
Third party 3650 days
30 minutes
3650 days __atuvs
Third party 30 minutes
390 days
13 months
13 months
13 months
1 Year
1 Year
1 Year
1 Year
13 months __auc
Third party 1 Year
30 minutes _gat
Third party 1 minute
1 minute
Twitter _ga
Third party 2 years
1 day
Hotjar _hjid
Third party 1 year
30 mins
30 mins
30 mins _gid
Third party 1 day
2 years _ga
Third party 2 years
1 day

Functional Cookies

These cookies enable the website to provide enhanced functionality and personalisation. They may be set by us or by third party providers whose services we have added to our pages. If you do not allow these cookies then some or all of these services may not function properly.

Cookie subgroupCookiesCookies usedLifespan MACHINE_LAST_SEEN
First party 300 Days
1 year
1 year
1 year
60 days
1 year sshs
Third party 13 months
1 year
Twitter personalization_id
Third party 2 years
2 years
twitter dependent
7 days
ReadSpeaker ReadSpeakerSettings
Third party 5 Days
Session GSP Third party 2 years fig_tracker_client Third party 1 year sb_csrftoken Third party 1 year

Targeting Cookies

These cookies may be set through our site by our advertising partners. They may be used by those companies to build a profile of your interests and show you relevant adverts on other sites. They do not store directly personal information, but are based on uniquely identifying your browser and internet device. If you do not allow these cookies, you will experience less targeted advertising.

Cookie subgroupCookiesCookies usedLifespan
Google __gads Third party. 390 days
Linkedin Li_sugr
AMCV_<variable name>@AdobeOrg
Third party 3 months
2 years
1 day
30 days
30 days
1 month
6 months
1 year
doubleclick IDE Third party 2 years sb
Third party 2 years
7 days
2 years
*facebook dependent
Demdex dpm
Third party 6 months


Managing Cookies

You always have a choice over whether or not to accept Cookies. When you first visit the Website and we notify you about our use of Cookies, you can choose not to consent to such use. If you continue to use the Website, you are consenting to our use of Cookies for the time being. However, you can choose not to continue accepting Cookies at any later time. In this section, we describe ways to manage Cookies, including how to disable them.

You can manage Cookies through the settings of your internet browser.  You can choose to block or restrict Cookies from being placed on your computer or device.  You can also periodically review the Cookies that have been placed there and disable some or all of them.

You can learn more about how to manage Cookies on the following websites: and

Please be aware that if you choose not to accept certain Cookies, it may mean we are unable to provide you with some services or features of the Website.

Changes to Cookie Policy

In order to keep up with changing legislation and best practice, we may revise this Cookie Policy at any time without notice by posting a revised version on this Website. So please check back periodically so that you are aware of any changes.

Questions or Concerns

If you have any questions or concerns about this Cookie Policy or our use of Cookies on the Website, please contact us by email to

You can also contact the Privacy Officer for the Informa plc group at

This Cookie Policy was last updated February 2022.